In December 2017 the British Council commissioned the economic development agency PPV Knowledge Networks to carry out a study of the position of women and girls within the creative and cultural industries (CCIs) in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Ukraine. The research was funded by the UK Government's Conflict Stabilisation and Security Fund as part of a wider programme of support to the creative industries managed by the British Council.
The aim of the research was to provide an overview of the current landscape of gender equality and empowerment within the creative sectors across the region, to analyse the main barriers which discourage or prevent women from pursuing careers in the CCIs, and to set out recommendations for policy-makers, educators and other relevant stakeholders to address these barriers.
The research team conducted their field study from January to March 2018, reaching almost 200 people across the CCIs in the four countries, through 40 interviews and 17 focus groups. The team broadly grouped their observations from the focus groups and individual interviews in seven topics and defined a list of specific tendencies that reflected the most interesting attitudes and practices.
The desk study provided some interesting insights on gender representation in the CCIs in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Ukraine, such as:
- According to the UNESCO Culture for Development Indicators, women and men are almost equally employed within in the cultural sectors in Ukraine and Georgia (54% women and 46% men in Georgia; 48% women and 52% men in Ukraine in 2016), yet men predominate in senior positions in both countries.
- According to the National Statistical Service in Azerbaijan, the proportion of women and men working in the arts, entertainment and recreation sectors in 2016 was 64% to 36%. Within the information and communication sectors, however, the proportion of women to men was 30% to 70%.
- According to the National Statistic Service in Armenia, in 2016 the salary gap between women and men was 10% in the arts, entertainment and recreation sectors. Within the information and communication sectors, however, the gap was 38%.
To learn more about the research findings, please follow the link below.